Coltheart, M. Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches.
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- Why Do You Need APA Citation??
Psychological Review, , NOTE: Give the secondary source in the references list; in the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Seidenberg and McClelland's work is cited in Coltheart et al.
In the text, use the following citation:. Yoshida, Y.
How do I reference a PhD dissertation or MA thesis in APA style? - WriteAnswers
Essays in urban transportation. Dissertation Abstracts International, 62 , A. Lastname, F. Title of dissertation Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from Name of database. Accession or Order Number. Title of dissertation Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Name of Institution, Location. National Institute of Mental Health. Note that the quotation marks surround the text only, and not the parenthetical citation. Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row.
Long quotes should be placed in a separate block of lines without quotation marks , similar to creating a new paragraph. Begin the quotation on a new line and indent 0.
Citation Help for APA, 6th Edition: Master's Thesis or Project
Type the entire quotation within these new margins and using double-spacing. Include the parenthetical citation after the final punctuation mark. This tendency could be attributed to either a misunderstanding of correct methodology or to a feeling of freedom to explore different approaches that the researchers have yet to employ. When paraphrasing the ideas of another work , you only need to cite the author and year of publication in your in-text citation. APA guidelines encourage this inclusion but do not require it.
Citing sources in APA style
When making an in-text citation of works by multiple authors, there are specific rules to follow depending on the number of authors of a work and the number of times you have cited these works. When citing two or more sources with the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters directly after the year of publication a, b, c according to alphabetical order of titles. You will use the same alphabetical designations in your in-text citations that you do in your References section.
For example, if the Franklin review article you are citing includes a useful quote by Adams that supports your paper, your in-text citation would look like this:. When citing an entire website with no specific webpage or article given , simply provide the title and web address within the text of your paper. No citation is needed in the References.
- Doctoral dissertation on the internet or from an institutional repository;
- APA reference page?
- APA in-text citations.
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A webpage with an individual author or authors should be cited in the same way as other texts, with the name or names written first, followed by the publication year. Even when some central information is missing from a website e. You must be logged in to post a comment. Remember Me. Log in. Sign in with Facebook Sign in with Google.
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Sign up. Lost your password? Academic Resources. Why Use In-Text Citation?
Chen discusses several relationships revealed in this study. Verb tense used in referring to other works APA style requires authors to use past tense or present perfect tense NOT present tense when using signal phrases to refer to or discuss previous research. Capitalization Always capitalize author names and initials in in-text citations.
In-text Citation Rules for Long Quotations Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row. According to Khan , new researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies. New researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies Khan, , p.
Marsh, ; Johnson, Citing Works by the Same Author with the Same Publication Year When citing two or more sources with the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters directly after the year of publication a, b, c according to alphabetical order of titles.